Infraslow Fluctuation Training

Infraslow Fluctuation training or ISF is an advanced, specialized neurofeedback therapy that focuses on the slowest frequencies in the brain. It measures what is going on in the brain- providing instantaneous auditory feedback when small shifts in infraslow frequencies occur.  Infraslow frequencies are directly correlated with the brain’s regulation of the autonomic nervous system. ISF is used to find the optimal frequency (OF) or the frequency where one feels most relaxed, alert with increased awareness of his or her physiological state as the state shifts and problematic, physiological symptoms are at their lowest level. ISF training offers a highly valuable target for reinforcement that is symptom driven and where learning can be globalized from major hubs in the brain to other areas of the cortex.

Z-score Training

Z- Score training is based on published research and a well-documented normative database. A comparison of your QEEG to an age-normed baseline (a z-score) assesses whether overall brain function are synchronized or not (either hyperactive- over connected or hypoactive- under connected). These parameters are known to have optimal values, and it is crucial in neurofeedback training to seek training targets that are beneficial. Z- Score training with 4 channels can address the whole head, and normalize activation, relaxation, concentration, focus, connectivity, control, and communication. Z- Score training can provide a complex task that addresses whole brain function in a single protocol, using 7 to 19 sensors (full head) depending on the protocols.

Standardized Low Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography (sLORETA) Training

sLORETA gives an instantaneous 3-dimensional image of your brain while receiving neurofeedback and while wearing 19 electrode QEEG brain map caps. It provides a QEEG analysis of the electrical activity of underlying deeper brain structures (e.g. the anterior cingulate, frontal lobes, insula, etc.) with the ability to define Z-score target ranges, the power (over activation or under activation) of specific neuronal networks, connectivity between these networks (coherence), and the speed of information processed amongst them (phase). The brain is provided feedback when a normative range of overall brain function is produced and no feedback when activity falls outside of set range. The brain learns to use this feedback to enhance optimal brain functioning.

pIR HEG (Passive Infrared Hemoencephalography)

Passive Infrared Hemoencephalography (pirHEG) is a method of monitoring changes in frontal cerebral blood circulation and oxygenation. pirHEG can be a neurofeedback intervention alone or in combination with other neurofeedback therapies to address conditions such as ADD/ADHD, anxiety, depression and migraine headaches. pirHEG is a method of monitoring, regulating and activating blood flow in pre-frontal cortex as well as other lobes of the brain. The brain needs peak blood flow to provide oxygen, nutrients and glucose to various parts of the brain. Therefore, the normalization of blood flow is extremely important in operative functioning of various brain regions.

Traditional neurofeedback- SMR Training, Inhibit/enhance training, and Alpha/Theta training

Traditional neurofeedback includes Sensorimotor Rhythm (SMR) training, Inhibit/enhance training, and Alpha/Theta training. These interventions all utilize 2-4 sensors that measure EEG activity and provide rewards to improve brain connectivity, activation, functional communication between brain networks and the inhibition of targeted brain hertz frequencies that are contributing to neurophysiological symptoms. SMR training is conducted on the motor strip of the cortex often leading to increased physiological calming, less restlessness. Similarly Alpha/Theta neurofeedback produces deeply relaxed states with the increased rewards in the production of Theta waves.

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